Range and population
Ectopistes migratorius was found forest in eastern and central
, occasionally wandering south to
and Cuba4. Over the 19th century, the species
crashed from being one of the most abundant birds in the world to extinction4.
This was ultimately due to the effects of widespread clearance of its mast food2,
with the proximate causes being
extensive hunting1 and the breakdown of social facilitation3.
The last wild bird was shot in 1900, and the last captive bird died in 1914 in
the Cincinnati Zoo5.
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